Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Is a Christian Supposed to Follow the Old Testament?

Yes and No.  Allow me to explain...

The Old Testament Law was given to the Nation of Israel (the Jews) in order to sperate them from the rest of the nations of the world and to prepare them for the coming of the Messiah. All of the laws, the requirements, the feasts, the sacrifices, the priesthood, how to worship, the Sabbath and more, were designed to lead one to the Messiah (Jesus). Now that Jesus has come, that system has been done away. 

Notice what the Apostle Paul wrote the Galatians: 
  • But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, being shut up to the faith which was later to be revealed. Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith. But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:23-26).
The Old Testament Law was like a math tutor hired to get a student ready for a test. Once the student masters the material and takes the test, the tutor is no longer needed. The student may look back at what he learned, but ultimately, the tutor's purpose has been fulfilled.

There are many complicated requirements in the Law (See the book of Leviticus). Because of man’s imperfections, he could not keep this Law completely. Thus, man was a transgressor. When Jesus died on the cross, He ended the requirements of the Law and the sin that disobedience toward it’s ordinances brought. 
  • When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day— things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ (Colossians 3:13-17).
The Old Testament Law was a perfect law and it fulfilled its purpose. It was not abolished (as if it were not good), but instead it was fulfilled by Jesus.
  • "Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill” (Matthew 5:17).
In the current Christian age, we are not subject to the requirements of the Old Law. The Old Law was only for a specific people (The Jews) for a specific purpose (To prepare the way for Jesus). Now, all people (Jew are Gentile) are accountable to the teachings of Christ and His Apostles.
  • God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world (Hebrews 1:1-2)
  • "He who rejects Me and does not receive My sayings, has one who judges him; the word I spoke is what will judge him at the last day. (John 12:28)
Although the Christian today, will not be judged by the Old Testament, it still should be studied. The Old Testament is full of wisdom on how to live life, it teaches us about the nature of God and of man. The Old Testament shows the blessings the come from following God and the trouble that comes when giving into sin. The Old Testament shows us how the world was made and how powerful God is. The Old Testament even gives evidence for the inspiration of Scripture through the fulfillment of prophecy. The Old Testament should be studied and taught.
  • (Romans 15:4)For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.
For Further Reading: See Romans 7:1-13. In this section of Scripture, the Apostle Paul illustrates being free from the Law with being free from the marriage bond when your spouse dies. God’s people were bound to the Old Law (including the 10 commandments vs. 7), but now that a death has occurred (the death of Christ and our death to sin vs. 6), the Christian is free to be joined to another (ie. The Gospel of Christ).
by Cliff Sabroe - quotations from the NASB Bible